A Stye is a bacterial infection that affects the eyelid. It is red and painful, and it looks like a boil or a pimple. Usually, Styes are filled with pus. They form on both the outer part of the eyelid, and the inner part of the eyelid. Stye usually occurs when an eyelash follicle, and the glands that are found near eyelashes, get infected. However, most styes get better on their own and do not need medical treatment . There are two (2) types of Styes, that includes ; External and Internal styes
External Styes: is the common stye that appears along the edge of the eyelid due to the infection in the root of the eyelash. It usually starts off as a small red lump, and eventually it develops into a collection of pus (a little abscess). it appears like a yellow pus-filled spot. The eyelid will be painful, and the edge of the eyelid becomes reddened and swollen.
Internal Styes: This stye develops inside the eyelid; this stye arises when an oil-producing gland in the main part of the eyelid (meibomian gland) becomes infected. Internal styes cause a dull aching in the eyelid and may be painful.
SYMPTOMS OF STYE INCLUDE;
- A red lump on the top or bottom eyelid that is similar to a boil or a pimple.
- Swelling of the eyelid.
- Blurred vision.
- Burning in the eye.
- Irritation of the eye.
- Crusting of the eyelid margins.
- Localized eyelid pain.
- Droopiness of the eyelid.
- Light sensitivity.
- Discomfort during blinking.
- Scratchy sensation on the eyeball (itching).
- Mucous discharge in the eye.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF STYE?
Basically, STYE is caused by a bacterial infection and the bacteria is Staphylococcus aureus. This infection leads to the blocking of an oil gland at the base of the eyelash. Apparently, Styes are experienced by people of all ages.
However, stye can be triggered by:
- Touching your eyes with unwashed hands.
- Poor Nutrition.
- Lack of Hygiene.
- Sleep Deprivation.
- Inserting contact lenses without thoroughly disinfecting them or washing your hands first.
- Lack of Water.
- Leaving on eye makeup overnight that is, not removing eye makeup before going to bed.
- Using outdated or contaminated cosmetics.
TREATMENT OF STYE
Technically, styes can be treated on its own without any medical intervention in some cases. However, here are the ways to treat stye;
1. Use of Warm Compress
- Soak a clean washcloth or towel in hot water. Wring the washcloth out so that it’s not dripping.
- Gently place it over your eyelid for 10 to 15 minutes. If the cloth gets cold, warm it up again by dipping it in warm water.
- Do this three to five times a day.
- The water should not be too hot.
Gently massage the affected area with the tips of your clean fingers.
3. Use of warm Tea Bag
Just like making a tea to drink.
- Drop a tea bag in a mug.
- Add boiled water to it.
- Allow the tea to steam for about 1 minute.
- Once the tea bag cools enough, place it on your eye for about 5 to 10 minutes. Always use a separate tea bag for each eye.
4. Eyelid cleaning:
- Prepare a solution of baby shampoo (few drops of baby shampoo dissolve in water).
- Dip a clean cotton bud in the solution and clean away any crusts present on the eyelashes and rub along the eyelids.
- Use a clean cotton bud for each eyelid.
- Repeat this process twice a day.
5. Use of Antibiotics Ointment
Antibiotics ointments like Eye Lid Relief PM and Similasan Stye Eye Relief should be applied on the affected eye.
In conclusion, do not pop, squeeze, or touch a stye to avoid further spread of the infection.