Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted and swollen veins that are close to the surface of the body. Although they can be formed in other parts of the body, they most commonly occur in the legs. They are usually blue or dark purple in colour.
Varicose veins occur when your one-way valves that helps to keep blood flowing toward your heart, becomes weak or damaged, the blood will flow backward and pool in your veins. This can cause the veins to swell, which will eventually lead to varicose veins.
Basically, varicose veins occur in both Men and Women but are most common in Women. Varicose veins can make you feel uncomfortable and self-conscious about your physical appearance, particularly when wearing shorts or a bathing suit.
- Swollen ankles and feet.
- Muscle cramp in your legs.
- Aching and heavy legs.
- Spider veins appear in the affected legs.
- Redness, itchiness and dryness in the affected area.
- Whitened, irregular patches that look like scars can appear at the ankles.
- Minor injuries to the affected area may lead to much longer than normal and can take a long period of time to heal.
- Colour changes in the skin.
- Restless Legs Syndrome.
Causes of Varicose Veins
- Family history of varicose veins.
- Standing for a long period of time.
- Being over 50 years of age.
- Chronic constipation.
Treatment for Varicose veins
- Wearing of Compression Stockings daily.
- Litigation and Stipping (Surgical Removal of the affected vein).
- Sclerotherapy (using a foam chemical injection to shrink and close the vein).
- Endothermal ablation (Using heat to seal affected veins).
- Using anti-inflammatory drug such as Ibuprofen or Aspirin to alleviate swelling and pain.
Certainly, there are ways to ease symptoms of existing varicose veins, they include;
- Avoid standing for a long period of time.
- Avoid crossing your legs while sitting.
- Exercising regularly.
- Maintaining a healthy weight.
- Raising your legs on your pillow while resting.
- Quit smoking.
- Take all protective measures possible to prevent injury to your legs.